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Pakistan's climate change concerns and vulnerability

Pakistan is rated among the top 10 most effected countries to climate change as per independent international assessments such as that by GermanWatch, an NGO based in Germany. Listed below are the major climate change related concerns of the country and some recent examples of its vulnerability to climate change related extreme events:

Key exreme events in past:

  • Increasing extreme events over the last two decades;
  • Devastating super floods in 2010 and 2011 (about 2000 deaths, 20 million people homeless, $ 10 billion damages in 2010 alone);
  • Large scale flooding in 1992, 1997, 2003, 2006, 2012, 2013 and 2014;
  • Localized cloud burst causing urban flooding of Lahore (1996), Islamabad (2001) and Karachi (2009);
  • History's worst drought during 1999 - 2002; droughts in Thar area of Sindh and Cholistan area of southern Punjab in 2014;
  • Heat waves during 2003, 2005, 2007 and 2010 (53.7 °C);
  • Unprecedented cyclonic in 1999, 2007 and 2010.

Future vulnerability concerns:

  • April 19, 2023
GCISC in collaboration with GIZ Pakistan and CITEPA France is organizing a webinar series "Enhanced Transparency Framework" from 27 March 2023 till 20 April 2023.